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The On-Farm Soil Monitoring project is a joint project led by Wheatbelt NRM, the South West Catchments Council and The University of Western Australia. It is designed to introduce landowners and farmers to the diversity of organisms in their soils and to the use on-farm soil monitoring methods. This On-Farm Soil Monitoring Handbook was developed as part of this project and explains procedures for assessing soil fauna (especially mites and springtails) and the mycorrhizal fungi inside roots of crop and pasture plants as well as many Australian plant species. Soil mites and springtails both have important roles in chemical, physical and biological components of soil health. They are sensitive to land management practices and can be assessed on-farm with relatively simple methods and equipment.