managing water repellent soils

Key Messages
• The inversion of the water repellant top-soil and removing sub-soil
compaction could result in significant improvements in crop productivity.
• Cultivated soil should be rolled or packed prior to seeding to improve crop
• Send soil samples off for chemical analysis prior to any soil inversion as
lime and gypsum applications may be beneficial.
• Penetrometers are a great, inexpensive device that can measure soil
strength and indicate depth of compaction layers.